What is cereal, why is it healthy?
Healthy food made from grains including wheat, barley, oats, buckwheat, corn, and rice by cooking, flaking and toasting.
There are 2 kinds of cereals: hot and Ready to Eat. Hot cereal needs to be cooked and normally is made into porridge; Ready to Eat cereal requires no cooking and can be eaten directly with milk, yogurt, and is much more convenient.
Whole grains or foods made from them contain all the essential parts and naturally-occurring nutrients of the entire grain seed in their original proportions. 100% of the original kernel – all of the bran, germ, and endosperm – must be present to qualify as a whole grain.
- Wild rice
The health benefits of wheat depend entirely on the form in which you eat it. These benefits will be few if you select refined wheat that has been processed into bleached white flour. Foods including white breads, noodles and pastas, baked goods like rolls or biscuits, and cookies made with white flour, have had a proportion of the original wheat grain removed including the bran and the germ of the wheat grain—its most nutrient-rich parts. In the process of making white flour, over half of the vitamin B1, B2, B3, E, folic acid, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, iron, and fibre are lost.
Nutritionally, wholegrains contain carbohydrate, protein, fibre and a wide range of minerals and vitamins such as magnesium, iron, iodine, zinc, B vitamins (folate, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin) and vitamin E.
Wholegrains provide key health benefits, including:
- protection against heart disease and stroke
- reduced risk of type 2 diabetes
- improved bowel health
- lower cholesterol and blood pressure
- and protection against some cancers.
Wholegrains can also:
- help you manage your weight
- improve your blood sugar control, creating a feeling of fullness and discouraging overeating
- help to fight fatigue and boost concentration.